Note 3 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|12 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2023
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|Significant Accounting Policies [Text Block]||
Our significant accounting policies are summarized below.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less are considered cash and cash equivalents and are reported at fair value. Our corporate money market funds are readily convertible into cash and the net asset value of each fund on the last day of the month is used to determine its fair value. We maintain our cash and cash equivalent accounts in various financial institutions and as such, perform ongoing evaluations of these institutions to limit our concentration of credit risk.
We present restricted cash as a component of total cash and cash equivalents on our consolidated statements of cash flows and within Other Assets on our consolidated balance sheets. As of June 30, 2023, and 2022 we held $0.5 million and $1.0 million, respectively, of restricted cash related to the Ethan Allen insurance captive.
Our investments as of June 30, 2023 consist solely of United States Treasury Bills with maturities of one year or less. Previously held investments included fixed income securities including municipal bonds, commercial paper and certificates of deposits with maturities of less than one year. We classify our investments as available-for-sale debt investments and are held in the custody of major financial institutions. These short-term investments are recorded in our consolidated balance sheets at fair value. The fair value of our underlying investments is based on observable inputs and classified as Level 2. Unrealized gains and losses on these investments are included, net of tax, as a separate component of Accumulated other comprehensive loss. There werematerial gross unrealized gains or losses on the investments at June 30, 2023 or 2022.
Accounts receivable arise from the sale of products on trade credit terms and is presented net of allowance for doubtful accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts is based on a review of specifically identified accounts in addition to an overall aging analysis. On a monthly basis, we review all accounts as to their past due balances, as well as collectability of the outstanding trade accounts receivable for possible write-off. It is our policy to write-off the accounts receivable against the allowance account when we deem the receivable to be uncollectible. Additionally, we review orders from retailers that are significantly past due, and we ship product only when our ability to collect payment from our customer for the new order is probable. At June 30, 2023 and 2022, the allowance for doubtful accounts was immaterial.
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (on first-in, first-out basis) or net realizable value. Cost is determined based solely on those charges incurred in the acquisition and production of the related inventory (i.e., material, labor and manufacturing overhead costs). We estimate inventory reserves for excess quantities and obsolete items based on specific identification and historical write-offs, taking into account future demand and market conditions. If actual demand or market conditions in the future are less favorable than those estimated, additional inventory write-downs may be required. At June 30, 2023 and 2022, our inventory reserves were $1.9 million and $2.1 million, respectively.
Property, Plant and Equipment
Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation of property, plant and equipment is provided over the estimated useful lives of the respective assets on a straight-line basis. Estimated useful lives of the respective assets typically range from 20-40 years for buildings and improvements and from three to twenty years for machinery and equipment. Information systems, computer hardware and software, which are included within the machinery and equipment category, are typically depreciated from three to five years. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the underlying lease term or the estimated useful life. Repairs and maintenance expenditures, which are not considered leasehold improvements and do not extend the useful life of the property and equipment, are expensed as incurred.
Retirement, sales or dispositions of long-lived assets are recorded based on carrying value and proceeds received. Any resulting gains or losses are recorded as a component of operating expenses.
Property, plant and equipment is reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of assets may not be recoverable. For further discussion regarding impairments refer to the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets accounting policy below.
Assets Held for Sale
An asset is considered to be held for sale when all of the following criteria are met: (i) management commits to a plan to sell the property; (ii) it is unlikely that the disposal plan will be significantly modified or discontinued; (iii) the property is available for immediate sale in its present condition; (iv) actions required to complete the sale of the property have been initiated; (v) sale of the asset is probable and the completed sale is expected to occur within one year; and (vi) the property is actively being marketed for sale at a price that is reasonable given its current market value.
Upon designation as an asset held for sale, the carrying value of the asset is recorded at the lower of its carrying value or its estimated fair value less estimated costs to sell, and the Company ceases depreciating the asset. As of June 30, 2023 and 2022, we didhave any assets held for sale.
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets
We review the carrying value of our long-lived assets, which includes our right-of-use lease assets, for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. Our assessment of recoverability is based on our best estimates using either quoted market prices or an analysis of the undiscounted projected future cash flows by asset group in order to determine if there is any indicator of impairment requiring us to further assess the fair value of our long-lived assets. If the sum of the estimated undiscounted future cash flows related to the asset is less than the carrying value, we recognize a loss equal to the difference between the carrying value and the fair value, usually determined by the estimated discounted cash flow analysis of the assets. Our asset groups consist of our operating segments within our wholesale reportable segment, each of our retail design centers and other corporate assets. The asset group is defined as the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are available and largely independent of the cash flows of other groups of assets, which for our retail segment is the individual retail design center and for our wholesale segment is the manufacturing plant level. We estimate future cash flows based on design center-level historical results, current trends, third-party appraisals and operating and cash flow projections. Our estimates are subject to uncertainty and may be affected by a number of factors outside our control, including general economic conditions and the competitive environment. While we believe our estimates and judgments about future cash flows are reasonable, future impairment charges may be required if the expected cash flow estimates, as projected, do not occur or if events change requiring us to revise our estimates. Refer to Note 10, Restructuring and Other Impairment Activities, for further disclosure on long-lived asset impairments.
Goodwill and Other Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets
Our goodwill and intangible assets are comprised primarily of goodwill, which represents the excess of cost over the fair value of net assets acquired, and our Ethan Allen trade name and related trademarks. Both goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets are assigned to our wholesale reporting unit, which is principally involved in the development of the Ethan Allen brand and encompasses all aspects of design, manufacturing, sourcing, marketing, sale and distribution of the Company’s broad range of home furnishings and accents, and are not amortized as they are estimated to have an indefinite life.
We are required to test goodwill and indefinite-lived intangibles for potential impairment annually, or more frequently if impairment indicators occur. Goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are evaluated for impairment on an annual basis during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year, and between annual tests whenever events or circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the goodwill or other intangible asset may exceed its fair value.
Goodwill. When testing goodwill for impairment, we may elect to perform a qualitative analysis to determine whether it is more likely than not the fair value of the reporting unit is greater than its carrying value. In performing a qualitative assessment, we consider such factors as macro-economic conditions, industry and market conditions in which we operate including the competitive environment and significant changes in demand. We also consider our stock price both in absolute terms and in relation to peer companies. If the qualitative analysis indicates that it is more likely than not the fair value of our wholesale reporting unit is less than its carrying amount or if we elect not to perform a qualitative analysis, a quantitative analysis is performed to determine whether a goodwill impairment exists. The quantitative goodwill impairment analysis is used to identify potential impairment by comparing fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount using an income approach, along with other relevant market information, derived from a discounted cash flow model to estimate fair value of our reporting units. We performed our annual goodwill impairment test during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023 using a qualitative analysis and concluded it was more likely than not the fair value of our wholesale reporting unit was greater than its respective carrying value and no impairment charge was required.
Other Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets (trade name). The fair value of our trade name, which is the Company’s only indefinite-lived intangible asset other than goodwill, is assessed annually in the fourth quarter and may be reviewed more frequently if indicators of impairment are present. Conditions that may indicate impairment include, but are not limited to, a significant adverse change in customer demand or business climate that could affect the value of an asset, a product recall or an adverse action or assessment by a regulator. When testing for impairment, we may elect to perform a qualitative analysis to determine whether it is more likely than not the fair value of our trade name is greater than its carrying value. We performed our annual indefinite-lived intangible asset impairment test during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023 utilizing a qualitative analysis and concluded it was more likely than not the fair value of our trade name was greater than its carrying value and no impairment charge was required.
We determine if an arrangement contains a lease at inception based on our right to control the use of an identified asset and our right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of that identified asset. Lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets represent the right to use an underlying asset pursuant to the lease for the lease term, and lease liabilities represent the obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Lease ROU assets and lease liabilities are recognized at the commencement of an arrangement where it is determined at inception that a lease exists. These assets and liabilities are initially recognized based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term calculated using our incremental borrowing rate generally applicable to the location of the lease ROU asset, unless an implicit rate is readily determinable. As most of our leases do not provide an implicit rate, we generally use our incremental borrowing rate based on the estimated rate of interest for collateralized borrowing over a similar term of the lease payments at commencement date. As we do not have any outstanding public debt, we estimated the incremental borrowing rate based on our estimated credit rating and available market information. The incremental borrowing rate is subsequently reassessed upon a modification to the lease agreement. We combine lease and certain non-lease components for our design center real estate leases in determining the lease payments subject to the initial present value calculation. Lease ROU assets include upfront lease payments and exclude lease incentives, where applicable. Certain operating leases have renewal options and rent escalation clauses as well as various purchase options. We assess these options to determine if we are reasonably certain of exercising these options based on all relevant economic and financial factors. Any options that meet these criteria are included in the lease term at lease commencement.
Operating leases are included in operating lease ROU assets, current operating lease liabilities and long-term operating lease liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets. Financing leases are included in property, plant and equipment, other current liabilities, and other long-term liabilities in our consolidated balance sheets.
Lease expense for operating leases consists of both fixed and variable components. Expense related to fixed lease payments are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Variable lease payments are generally expensed as incurred, where applicable, and include certain index-based changes in rent, certain non-lease components, such as maintenance and other services provided by the lessor, and other charges included in the lease. We have elected the short-term lease exemption, whereby leases with initial terms of one year or less are not capitalized and instead expensed on a straight-line basis over the lease term. In addition, certain of our equipment lease agreements include variable lease payments, which are based on the usage of the underlying asset. The variable portion of payments are not included in the initial measurement of the asset or lease liability due to uncertainty of the payment amount and are recorded as lease expense in the period incurred.
Refer to Note 6, Leases, for further lease accounting details.
In most cases we collect deposits from customers on a portion of the total purchase price at the time a written order is placed, but before we have transferred control of our product to our customers, resulting in contract liabilities. These customer deposits are reported as a current liability in Customer deposits on our consolidated balance sheets. As of June 30, 2023, we had customer deposits of $77.8 million compared with $121.1 million a year ago. During fiscal 2023, we recognized $117.6 million of revenue related to our contract liabilities as of June 30, 2022. We expect that substantially all of the customer deposits received as of June 30, 2023 will be recognized as revenue within the next twelve months as the performance obligations are satisfied.
Deferred Financing Fees
Deferred financing fees related to our revolving credit facility are included in Prepaid expenses and other current assets (current portion) and Other assets (non-current portion) on our consolidated balance sheets and amortized utilizing the effective interest method. Such amortization is included in Interest and other financing costs on the consolidated statements of comprehensive income.
The Company maintains insurance coverage for significant exposures, as well as those risks that, by law, must be insured. In the case of the Company’s health care coverage for employees, the Company has an insurance program related to claims filed that also includes a stop-loss insurance policy to protect from individual losses over a specified dollar value. Expenses related to this insured program are computed on an actuarial basis, based on claims experience, regulatory requirements, an estimate of claims incurred but not yet reported (“IBNR”) and other relevant factors. The projections involved in this process are subject to uncertainty related to the timing and amount of claims filed, levels of IBNR, fluctuations in health care costs and changes to regulatory requirements. We recorded an estimated liability related to health care coverage of $2.4 million and $2.0 million, as of June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. These liabilities are recorded within Accrued compensation and benefits on our consolidated balance sheets.
We also carry workers’ compensation insurance subject to a deductible amount for which the Company is responsible on each claim. We recorded an estimated liability related to workers’ compensation claims, primarily for claims that do not meet the per-incident deductible, of $4.2 million and $3.8 million as of June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. The workers’ compensation insurance reserve is recorded within Accrued compensation and benefits on our consolidated balance sheets.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Because of their short-term nature, the carrying value of our cash and cash equivalents, investments, receivables and payables, and customer deposit liabilities approximates fair value. We believe the fair value of any future borrowings under our credit facility will approximate its carrying amount as the terms and interest rate approximate market rates given its floating interest rate basis.
Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance must be established for deferred tax assets when it is more likely than not that the assets will not be realized.
We recognize the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. Most of the unrecognized tax benefits, if recognized, would be recorded as a benefit to income tax expense. The liability associated with an unrecognized tax benefit is classified as a long-term liability except for the amount for which a cash payment is expected to be made or tax positions settled within one year. We recognize interest and penalties related to income tax matters as a component of income tax expense.
Our reported revenue (net sales) consist substantially of product sales. We report product sales net of discounts and recognize them at the point in time when control transfers to the customer. For sales to our customers in our wholesale segment, control typically transfers when the product is shipped. The majority of our shipping agreements are freight-on-board shipping point and risk of loss transfers to our wholesale customer once the product is out of our control. Accordingly, revenue is recognized for product shipments on third-party carriers at the point in time that our product is loaded onto the third-party container or truck. For sales in our retail segment, control generally transfers upon delivery to the customer. We recognize the promised amount of consideration without adjusting for the effects of a significant financing component if the contract has a duration of one year or less. As our contracts typically are less than one year in length and do not have significant financing components, we have not adjusted consideration.
Shipping and Handling. Our practice has been to sell our products at the same delivered cost to all retailers and customers nationwide, regardless of shipping point. Costs incurred by the Company to deliver finished goods are expensed and recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses. We recognize shipping and handling expense as fulfillment activities (rather than as a promised good or service) when the activities are performed even if those activities are performed after the control of the good has been transferred. Accordingly, we record the expenses for shipping and handling activities at the same time we recognize net sales.
Sales Taxes. We exclude from the measurement of the transaction price all taxes imposed on and concurrent with a specific revenue-producing transaction and collected by the entity from a customer, including sales, use, excise, value-added, and franchise taxes (collectively referred to as sales taxes). Sales tax collected is not recognized as revenue but is included in Accounts payable and accrued expenses on the consolidated balance sheets as it is ultimately remitted to governmental authorities.
Returns and Allowances. Estimated refunds for returns and allowances are based on our historical return patterns. We record these estimated sales refunds on a gross basis rather than on a net basis and have recorded an asset for product we expect to receive back from customers in Prepaid expenses and other current assets and a corresponding refund liability in Other current liabilities on our consolidated balance sheets. At June 30, 2023 and 2022, these amounts were immaterial.
Commissions. We capitalize commissions paid to our associates as contract assets within Prepaid expenses and other current assets on our consolidated balance sheets. These prepaid commissions are subsequently recognized as a selling expense upon delivery (when we have transferred control of our product to our customer). At June 30, 2023, we had prepaid commissions of $12.3 million, which we expect to recognize to selling expense in the next twelve months within our consolidated statements of comprehensive income. Prepaid commissions totaled $20.2 million at June 30, 2022, which were fully recognized in selling expenses during fiscal 2023.
Customer Financing Program
The Ethan Allen Platinum Card consumer credit program offers clients a menu of custom financing options. Financing offered through this program is administered by a third-party financial institution and is granted to our clients on a non-recourse basis to the Company. Clients may apply for an Ethan Allen Platinum Card at a design center or online at ethanallen.com. During fiscal 2023 we offered various interest-free financing options and will continue to evaluate the use of such financing options and their related costs during fiscal 2024 as interest rates remain elevated.
Cost of Sales
Our cost of sales consist of the cost to manufacture our merchandise including materials, direct labor and overhead costs as well as the cost to purchase import products, including inbound freight.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
SG&A expenses include the costs of selling our products and general and administrative costs. Selling expenses primarily consist of shipping and handling costs, commissions, advertising, and compensation and benefits of employees performing various sales and designer functions. Occupancy costs, depreciation, compensation and benefit costs for administrative employees and other administrative costs are included in SG&A. All store pre-opening costs are included in SG&A expenses and are expensed as incurred.
Advertising expenses primarily represent the costs associated with our digital marketing, direct mailings, national television spots, on-air radio and other mediums. Our total advertising costs were $17.2 million in fiscal 2023, $15.6 million in fiscal 2022 and $20.7 million in fiscal 2021. These amounts include advertising media expenses, outside and inside agency expenses, certain website related fees and photo and video production. Advertising costs from our direct mailers are expensed when provided to the carrier for distribution. Website, print and other advertising expenses, which include e-commerce advertising, web creative content, national television and direct marketing activities such as print media and radio, are expensed as incurred or upon the release of the content or the initial advertisement. Prepaid advertising costs were immaterial at June 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.
Research and Development Costs
Research and development costs are charged to expense in the periods incurred and are included as a component of SG&A. Expenditures for research and development costs were immaterial in each fiscal year presented.
Interest and Other Financing Costs
Interest expense consists primarily from borrowings under our revolving credit facility and the amortization of deferred financing fees. For the twelve months ended June 30, 2023, 2022 and 2021, we recorded interest expense of $0.2 million, $0.2 million and $0.5 million, respectively.
Interest and Other Income (Expense), Net
Interest and other income (expense), net includes interest income on investments, foreign currency gains or losses and other income or expense incurred outside our normal course of business. There were no material transactions recorded within Interest and other income (expense), net during fiscal 2023, 2022 and 2021.
Supplemental Cash Flow Information
The Company’s supplemental cash flow information is presented at the bottom of its consolidated statement of cash flows, with the exception of required lease disclosures. Refer to Note 6, Leases, within the notes to the consolidated financial statements for cash flow impacts of leasing transactions during each of the past three fiscal years. Otherwise, there were no other material non-cash investing or financing activities during each period presented.
Share-based compensation expense is included within SG&A expenses. Tax benefits associated with our share-based compensation arrangements are included within income tax expense.
We estimate, as of the date of grant, the fair value of stock options awarded using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Use of a valuation model requires management to make certain assumptions with respect to selected model inputs, including anticipated changes in the underlying stock price (i.e., expected volatility) and option exercise activity (i.e., expected life). Expected volatility is based on the historical volatility of our stock and other contributing factors. The risk-free rate of return is based on the United States Treasury bill rate extrapolated to the term matching the expected life of the grant. The dividend yield is based on the annualized dividend rate at the grant date relative to the grant date stock price. The expected life of options granted, which represents the period of time that the options are expected to be outstanding, is based, primarily, on historical data.
We estimate, as of the date of grant, the fair value of non-performance based restricted stock units awarded using a discounted cash flow model, which requires management to make certain assumptions with respect to model inputs including anticipated future dividends not paid during the restriction period, and a discount for lack of marketability for a one-year holding period after vesting. We account for these restricted stock units as equity-based awards because when they vest, they will be settled in shares of our common stock.
We estimate, as of the date of grant, the fair value of performance units with a discounted cash flow model, using as model inputs the risk-free rate of return as the discount rate, dividend yield for dividends not paid during the restriction period, and a discount for lack of marketability for a one-year post-vest holding period. The lack of marketability discount used is the present value of a future put option using the Chaffe model. Performance units require management to make assumptions regarding the likelihood of achieving Company performance targets on a quarterly basis. The number of performance units that vest will be predicated on the Company achieving certain performance levels. A change in the financial performance levels the Company achieves could result in changes to our current estimate of the vesting percentage and related share-based compensation.
As share-based compensation expense recognized is based on awards ultimately expected to vest, it has been reduced for estimated forfeitures. Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. Forfeitures are estimated based primarily on historical experience. Windfall tax benefits, defined as tax deductions that exceed recorded share-based compensation, are classified as cash inflows from operating activities. The value of the portion of the equity-based awards that are ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense over the requisite service periods in our consolidated statement of comprehensive income.
Earnings Per Share
We compute basic earnings per share (“EPS”) by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is calculated similarly, except that the weighted average outstanding shares are adjusted to include the effects of converting all potentially dilutive share-based awards issued under our stock incentive plan. The number of potential common shares outstanding are determined in accordance with the treasury stock method to the extent they are dilutive. For the purpose of calculating EPS, common shares outstanding include common shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding share-based compensation awards. Under the treasury stock method, the exercise price paid by the optionee and future share-based compensation expense that the Company has not yet recognized are assumed to be used to repurchase shares.
Foreign Currency Translation
The functional currency of each Company-operated foreign location is the respective local currency. Assets and liabilities are translated into U.S. dollars using the current period-end exchange rate and income and expense amounts are translated using the average exchange rate for the period in which the transaction occurred. Resulting translation adjustments are reported as a component of Accumulated other comprehensive loss within shareholders’ equity.
The Company accounts for repurchased common stock on a trade date basis under the cost method and includes such treasury stock as a component of its shareholders’ equity. We account for the formal retirement of treasury stock by deducting its par value from common stock, reducing additional paid-in capital (“APIC”) by the average amount recorded in APIC when the stock was originally issued and any remaining excess of cost deducted from retained earnings.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
New Accounting Standards or Updates Adopted in Fiscal 2023
The Company evaluates all Accounting Standards Updates (“ASUs”) issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) for consideration of their applicability to our consolidated financial statements. As of the beginning of fiscal 2023, we implemented all applicable new standards and updates, none of which had a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Recent Accounting Standards or Updates Not Yet Effective
Business Combinations. In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers, which requires an acquirer to recognize and measure contract assets and liabilities acquired in a business combination in accordance with Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) rather than adjust them to fair value at the acquisition date. This accounting standards update will be effective for us beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2024. We do not expect this accounting standards update to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Derivatives and Hedging. In March 2022, the FASB issued ASU 2022-01, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 801): Fair Value Hedging – Portfolio Layer Method, which expands the current single-layer hedging model to allow multiple-layer hedges of a single closed portfolio of prepayable financial assets or one or more beneficial interests secured by a portfolio of prepayable financial instruments under the method. This accounting standards update will be effective for us beginning in the first quarter of fiscal 2024. We do not expect this accounting standards update to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Inflation Reduction Act of 2022. On August 16, 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act (“IRA”) was signed into law. The IRA contains several revisions to the Internal Revenue Code effective in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2022, including a 15% minimum income tax on certain large corporations. We do not expect this law to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements. The IRA also includes a 1% excise tax on corporate stock repurchases made by publicly traded United States corporations after December 31, 2022. There were no share repurchases during fiscal 2023, thus no incremental excise tax paid.
No other new accounting pronouncements issued or effective as of June 30, 2023 have had or are expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef