Note 12 - Fair Value Measurements
|6 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2015
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|Fair Value Disclosures [Text Block]||
We determine fair value as the price that would be received upon sale of an asset or paid upon transfer of a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date and in the principal or most advantageous market for that asset or liability. The fair value is calculated based on assumptions that market participants use in pricing the asset or liability, and not on assumptions specific to the Company. In addition, the fair value of liabilities includes consideration of non-performance risk including our own credit risk. Each fair value measurement is reported in one of three levels, determined by the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. These levels are:
Level 1 Inputs are based upon unadjusted quoted prices for identical instruments traded in active markets.
Level 2 Inputs are based upon quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant assumptions are observable in the market or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
Level 3 Inputs are generally unobservable and typically reflect management’s estimates of assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. The fair values are therefore determined using model-based techniques that include option pricing models, discounted cash flow models, and similar techniques.
The following section describes the valuation methodologies we use to measure different financial assets and liabilities at fair value.
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis
The following table presents our assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at December 31, 2015 and June 30, 2015 (in thousands):
Cash equivalents consist of money market accounts and mutual funds in U.S. government and agency fixed income securities. We use quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities to determine fair value. There were no transfers between level 1 and level 2 during the first six months of fiscal 2016 or fiscal 2015. At December 31, 2015 and June 30, 2015, $7.8 million and $8.0 million, respectively, of the cash equivalents were restricted, and classified as long-term assets.
At June 30, 2015, available-for-sale securities consisted of $2.2 million in U.S. municipal bonds. The bonds were rated A+/A2 or better by S&P and Moodys, respectively. As of December 31, 2015 and June 30, 2015, there were no material gross unrealized gains or losses on available-for-sale securities. We did not hold any available-for-sale securities on December 31, 2015, as all municipal bonds matured and the proceeds were transferred to our operating cash accounts. At June 30, 2015, the contractual maturities of our available-for-sale securities were as follows:
No investments have been in a continuous loss position for more than one year, and no other-than-temporary impairments were recognized. See also Note 4, "Restricted Cash and Investments" and Note 5, "Marketable Securities".
Assets and Liabilities Measured at Fair Value on a Non-recurring Basis
We measure certain assets at fair value on a non-recurring basis. These assets are recognized at fair value when they are deemed to be other-than-temporarily impaired. During the six month periods ended December 31, 2015 and 2014, we did not record any other-than-temporary impairments on those assets required to be measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis.
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef